Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Loss of RANBP3L leads to transformation of renal epithelial cells towards a renal clear cell carcinoma like phenotype
Author(s): Chernyakov, Dmitry
Groß, Alexander
Fischer, Annika
Bornkessel, Nicola
Schultheiss, Christoph
Gerloff, Dennis
Edemir, Bayram
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Background: Renal cell carcinomas (RCC) are characterized by the deregulation of several hundred hyperosmolality-responsive genes. High expression of a subset of these genes including the Ran binding protein 3 like (RANBP3L) is linked to a favorable prognostic outcome in RCC. However, the cellular function of RANBP3L remains largely unknown. Methods: We used CRISPR/Cas9-mediated gene editing to generate functional deletions of the Ranbp3l and nuclear factor of activated T cells 5 (Nfat5) gene loci in a murine renal cell line. The NFAT5-KO cells were used to assess the regulation of Ranbp3l by NFAT5 using immunofluorescence, RNA-Seq and promoter assays. RANBP3L-deficient cells were analyzed for changes in cell morphology, proliferation, migration and colony-forming capacity using immunofluorescence and live cell imaging. RANPB3L-dependent changes in gene expression were identified by RNA-Seq. Results: We show that NFAT5 directly regulates Ranpb3l under hyperosmotic conditions by binding its promoter. Functional analysis of RANBP3L-deficient cells revealed a loss of epithelial structure, an increased cell migration behavior and colony forming capacity, accompanied by massive alterations in gene expression, all of which are hallmarks for tumor cells. Strikingly, a RANBP3L dependent signature of 60 genes separated samples with clear cell carcinoma (KIRC) from papillary (KIRP), chromophobe renal carcinoma (KICH) and healthy tissue. Conclusions: Loss of RANBP3L induces a tumor like phenotype resembles RCC, especially KIRC, on the morphological and gene expression level and might promote tumor development and progression. Therapeutic reconstitution or elevation of osmoregulated RANBP3L expression might represent a novel treatment strategy for RCC or KIRC.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfonds MLU
Journal Title: Journal of Experimental & Clinical Cancer Research
Publisher: Springer
Publisher Place: Berlin
Volume: 40
Original Publication: 10.1186/s13046-021-01982-y
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
s13046-021-01982-y.pdf3 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail