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Title: Cervical cancer in sub-saharan africa : a multinational population-based cohort study on patterns and guideline adherence of care
Author(s): Griesel, Mirko
Seraphin, Tobias P
Mezger, Nikolaus C S
Hämmerl, Lucia
Feuchtner, Jana
Joko-Fru, Walburga Yvonne
Sengayi-Muchengeti, Mazvita
Liu, Biying
Vuma, Samukeliso
Korir, Anne
Chesumbai, Gladys C
Nambooze, Sarah
Lorenzoni, Cesaltina F
Akele-Akpo, Marie-Thérèse
Ayemou, Amalado
Traoré, Cheick B
Wondemagegnehu, Tigeneh
Wienke, AndreasLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Thomssen, ChristophLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Parkin, Donald M
Jemal, Ahmedin
Kantelhardt, Eva JohannaLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Background: Cervical cancer (CC) is the most common female cancer in many countries of sub-Saharan Africa (SSA). We assessed treatment guideline adherence and its association with overall survival (OS). Methods: Our observational study covered nine population-based cancer registries in eight countries: Benin, Ethiopia, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mali, Mozambique, Uganda, and Zimbabwe. Random samples of 44–125 patients diagnosed from 2010 to 2016 were selected in each. Cancer-directed therapy (CDT) was evaluated for degree of adherence to National Comprehensive Cancer Network (U.S.) Guidelines. Results: Of 632 patients, 15.8% received CDT with curative potential: 5.2% guideline-adherent, 2.4% with minor deviations, and 8.2% with major deviations. CDT was not documented or was without curative potential in 22%; 15.7% were diagnosed with International Federation of Gynecology and Obstetrics (FIGO) stage IV disease. Adherence was not assessed in 46.9% (no stage or follow-up documented, 11.9%, or records not traced, 35.1%). The largest share of guideline-adherent CDT was observed in Nairobi (49%) and the smallest in Maputo (4%). In patients with FIGO stage I–III disease (n = 190), minor and major guideline deviations were associated with impaired OS (hazard rate ratio [HRR], 1.73; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.36–8.37; HRR, 1.97; CI, 0.59–6.56, respectively). CDT without curative potential (HRR, 3.88; CI, 1.19–12.71) and no CDT (HRR, 9.43; CI, 3.03–29.33) showed substantially worse survival. Conclusion: We found that only one in six patients with cervical cancer in SSA received CDT with curative potential. At least one-fifth and possibly up to two-thirds of women never accessed CDT, despite curable disease, resulting in impaired OS. Investments into more radiotherapy, chemotherapy, and surgical training could change the fatal outcomes of many patients. Implications for Practice: Despite evidence-based interventions including guideline-adherent treatment for cervical cancer (CC), there is huge disparity in survival across the globe. This comprehensive multinational population-based registry study aimed to assess the status quo of presentation, treatment guideline adherence, and survival in eight countries. Patients across sub-Saharan Africa present in late stages, and treatment guideline adherence is remarkably low. Both factors were associated with unfavorable survival. This report warns about the inability of most women with cervical cancer in sub-Saharan Africa to access timely and high-quality diagnostic and treatment services, serving as guidance to institutions and policy makers. With regard to clinical practice, there might be cancer-directed treatment options that, although not fully guideline adherent, have relevant survival benefit. Others should perhaps not be chosen even under resource-constrained circumstances.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives 4.0(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfonds MLU
Journal Title: The oncologist
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher Place: Hoboken, NJ
Volume: 26
Issue: 5
Original Publication: 10.1002/onco.13718
Page Start: e807
Page End: e816
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU