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Title: Detecting protein communities in native cell extracts by machine learning : a structural biologist’s perspective
Author(s): Kyrilis, Fotis L.
Belapure, Jaydeep
Kastritis, Panagiotis L.
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Native cell extracts hold great promise for understanding the molecular structure of ordered biological systems at high resolution. This is because higher-order biomolecular interactions, dubbed as protein communities, may be retained in their (near-)native state, in contrast to extensively purifying or artificially overexpressing the proteins of interest. The distinct machine-learning approaches are applied to discover protein–protein interactions within cell extracts, reconstruct dedicated biological networks, and report on protein community members from various organisms. Their validation is also important, e.g., by the cross-linking mass spectrometry or cell biology methods. In addition, the cell extracts are amenable to structural analysis by cryo-electron microscopy (cryo-EM), but due to their inherent complexity, sorting structural signatures of protein communities derived by cryo-EM comprises a formidable task. The application of image-processing workflows inspired by machine-learning techniques would provide improvements in distinguishing structural signatures, correlating proteomic and network data to structural signatures and subsequently reconstructed cryo-EM maps, and, ultimately, characterizing unidentified protein communities at high resolution. In this review article, we summarize recent literature in detecting protein communities from native cell extracts and identify the remaining challenges and opportunities. We argue that the progress in, and the integration of, machine learning, cryo-EM, and complementary structural proteomics approaches would provide the basis for a multi-scale molecular description of protein communities within native cell extracts.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfonds MLU
Journal Title: Frontiers in molecular biosciences
Publisher: Frontiers
Publisher Place: Lausanne
Volume: 8
Original Publication: 10.3389/fmolb.2021.660542
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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