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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.25673/2544
Title: Bilder von Archäologen, Bilder von Urmenschen - ein kultur- und mentalitätsgeschichtlicher Beitrag zur Genese der prähistorischen Archäologie am Beispiel zeitgenössischer Quellen
Author(s): Ickerodt, Ulf F.
Granting Institution: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
Issue Date: 2005
Extent: Online-Ressource, Text + Image
Type: Hochschulschrift
Language: German
Publisher: Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:3-000010238
Subjects: Elektronische Publikation
Hochschulschrift
Online-Publikation
Zsfassung in engl. Sprache
Abstract: Ziel dieser Arbeit ist die qualitative und quantitative Untersuchung der Wirkungsgeschichte der prähistorischen Archäologie am Beispiel zeitgenössischer Medien (wissenschaftlichen Publikationen, Werbung, bildende Kunst, Presseorgane sowie Romane, Filme und Comics mit Archäologen und Urmenschen). Im Ergebnis konnte gezeigt werden, dass die prähistorische Archäologie ein gesellschaftlich mitprägendes Element der Moderne ist, dessen Entstehung eng mit der Ausbildung neuer Wirtschafts- und Sozialstrukturen in westlich geprägten Gesellschaften zusammenhängt. Das Image des Archäologen und das des Urmenschen werden als soziale Leitbilder herausgestellt, deren integrative Wirkung auf den auf der Vergangenheit basierenden und auf die Zukunft ausgerichteten Prozess der Identitätsfindung abzielt. Dieser wurzelt im Abendland in der mit der Säkularisierung einhergehenden Historisierung der Landschaft, als dessen Konsequenz das westliche Ursprungsdenken zu sehen ist. Es ist, da es auf die Legitimierung der eigenen Gegenwart abzielt, immer politisch (z.B. nationale Archäologien, Marxismus usw.), auch wenn es manchmal transzendental (Druidenkulte, Bibelarchäologie, New Age usw.) verklausuliert ist.
AIM of the STUDY. A qualitative and quantitative study of the influence of archaeology on western civilization as recorded in contemporary media, i.e. as pictures or mention of archaeologists and/or prehistoric Man in scientific publications, adverts, art, the press, books, films, and comics. RESULTS. Archaeology is seen as one of the factors that helps to shape the modern age, whose development is very closely related to the emergence of the economic thinking and social structures that characterise western civilization. Images of the archaeologist and prehistoric Man, in view of their many-faceted treatment by contemporary western society, basically reflect the values and norms of western societies. METHODS. Taking images of the archaeologist and prehistoric Man portrayed in the various media, it is possible to demonstrate the integrating effect (e.g. national identity) that archaeological research has had and still has on western societies. THESIS. Acceptance of the results of archaeological research constitutes a very specific portion of western perception of space and time and helps to provide a framework for present-day human behaviour, which is primarily based on ideas of progress and evolution. SOCIAL FUNCTION. Images of the archaeologist and prehistoric Man are apparently used as a social inspiration (Leitbild), whose integrative potential is concerned with the search for an identity at all levels, a process that is based on the past but concerns the future. In the western world, this process is rooted in the historisation of the landscape (which is part of the processes of secularisation and laizism). The western quest after origins is seen as a consequence of this. Since this quest hangs together with a certain legitimatisation of one’s own society, it is invariably politically tinted (e.g. national archaeology, Marxism etc.) and even sometimes transcendental (Druid cult, biblical archaeology, New Age, etc.). SOCIAL INSPIRATION. With the help of a social inspiration (Leitbild) based on archaeology, social constraints can be removed and make social relations and communication more flexible, particularly at the present time when western society as a whole is disintegrating. Against the background of acceleration of the process of differentiation in western society, inspiration has its effect on both the national and international levels. With its help the increasingly unstable social structure can be adequately explained, since in a globalised world social hierarchy in the western world is becoming based on evolutionary biology, geology and archaeology instead of religious beliefs. The popular modern argument in this connection is the principle of unequal equality, which is based on progress-oriented thinking. The social consequence of this thinking is expressed as the dogma of inequality.
URI: https://opendata.uni-halle.de//handle/1981185920/9329
http://dx.doi.org/10.25673/2544
Open access: Open access publication
Appears in Collections:Hochschulschriften bis zum 31.03.2009

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