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Title: Impact of acetylsalicylic acid in patients undergoing cerebral aneurysm surgery : should the neurosurgeon really worry about it?
Author(s): Rashidi, AliLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Lilla, Nadine
Skalej, Martin
Sandalcioglu, I. ErolLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Luchtmann, Michael
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
Language: English
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:ma9:1-1981185920-1031864
Subjects: Acetylsalicylic acid
Aneurysm surgery
Postoperative hemorrhage
Abstract: There has been an increase in the use of acetylsalicylic acid (ASA, Aspirin®) among patients with stroke and heart disease as well as in aging populations as a means of primary prevention. The potentially life-threatening consequences of a postoperative hemorrhagic complication after neurosurgical operative procedures are well known. In the present study, we evaluate the risk of continued ASA use as it relates to postoperative hemorrhage and cardiopulmonary complications in patients undergoing cerebral aneurysm surgery. We retrospectively analyzed 200 consecutive clipping procedures performed between 2008 and 2018. Two different statistical models were applied. The first model consisted of two groups: (1) group with No ASA impact - patients who either did not use ASA at all as well as those who had stopped their use of the ASA medication in time (> = 7 days prior to operation); (2) group with ASA impact - all patients whose ASA use was not stopped in time. The second model consisted of three groups: (1) No ASA use; (2) Stopped ASA use (> = 7 days prior to operation); (3) Continued ASA use (did not stop or did not stop in time, <7 days prior to operation). Data collection included demographic information, surgical parameters, aneurysm characteristics, and all hemorrhagic/thromboembolic complications. A postoperative hemorrhage was defined as relevant if a consecutive operation for hematoma removal was necessary. An ASA effect has been assumed in 32 out of 200 performed operations. A postoperative hemorrhage occurred in one out these 32 patients (3.1%). A postoperative hemorrhage in patients without ASA impact was detected and treated in 5 out of 168 patients (3.0%). The difference was statistically not significant in either model (ASA impact group vs. No ASA impact group: OR = 1.0516 [0.1187; 9.3132], p = 1.000; RR = 1.0015 [0.9360; 1.0716]). Cardiopulmonary complications were significantly more frequent in the group with ASA impact than in the group without ASA impact (p = 0.030). In this study continued ASA use was not associated with an increased risk of a postoperative hemorrhage. However, cardiopulmonary complications were significantly more frequent in the ASA impact group than in the No ASA impact group. Thus, ASA might relatively safely be continued in patients with increased cardiovascular risk and cases of emergency cerebrovascular surgery.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Projekt DEAL 2021
Journal Title: Neurosurgical review
Publisher: Springer
Publisher Place: Berlin
Volume: 44
Issue: 5
Original Publication: 10.1007/s10143-021-01476-7
Page Start: 2889
Page End: 2898
Appears in Collections:Medizinische Fakultät (OA)

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