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Title: Phase-contrast MRI detection of ventricular shunt CSF flow : proof of principle
Author(s): König, Rebecca E.
Stucht, Daniel
Baecke, Sebastian
Rashidi, AliLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Speck, OliverLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Sandalcioglu, I. ErolLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Luchtmann, MichaelLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Issue Date: 2020
Type: Article
Language: English
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:ma9:1-1981185920-878503
Subjects: Hydrocephalus
Ventricular shunt
Phase-contrast MRI
Adjustable magnetic valves
Abstract: BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The evaluation of a suspected malfunction of a ventricular shunt is a common procedure in neurosurgery. The evaluation relies on either the interpretation of the ventricular width using cranial imaging or invasive techniques. Several attempts have been made to measure the flow velocity of cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) utilizing different phase-contrast magnet resonance imaging (PC MRI) techniques. In the present study, we evaluated 3 T (Tesla) MRI scanners for their effectiveness in determining of flow in the parenchymal portion of ventricular shunt systems with adjustable valves containing magnets. METHODS At first, an MRI phantom was used to measure the phase-contrasts at different constant low flow rates. The next step was to measure the CSF flow in patients treated with ventricular shunts without suspected malfunction of the shunt under observation. RESULTS The measurements of the phantom showed a linear correlation between the CSF flow and corresponding phase values. Despite many artifacts resulting from the magnetic valves, the ventricular catheter within the parenchymal portion of shunt was not superimposed by artifacts at each PC MRI plane and clearly distinguishable in 9 of 12 patients. Three patients suffering from obstructive hydrocephalus showed a clear flow signal. CONCLUSION CSF flow detected within the parenchymal portion of the shunt by PC MRI may reliably provide information about the functional status of a ventricular shunt. Even in patients whose hydrocephalus was treated with magnetic adjustable valves, the CSF flow was detectable using PC MRI sequences at 3 T field strength.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY-NC 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0(CC BY-NC 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Projekt DEAL 2020
Journal Title: Journal of neuroimaging
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher Place: Berlin [u.a.]
Volume: 30
Issue: 6
Original Publication: 10.1111/jon.12794
Page Start: 746
Page End: 753
Appears in Collections:Medizinische Fakultät (OA)

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