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Title: An alternative illumination source based on LEDs for PIV measurements on human swimmers : a feasibility study
Author(s): Hochstein, StefanLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Jakupov, Anvar
Schmollack, Jens-Uwe
Sporer, Daniel
Wank, VeitLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Blickhan, ReinhardLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Issue Date: 2022
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Methods for flow visualization help to investigate the motion of fluids that are normally invisible. Especially, Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) – with a laser as light source – has been established in the field of engineering and partly in biology. Since the standard measuring equipment applying a laser system is very sensitive with respect to transport, temperature, humidity as well as laser safety requirements have to be adhered, the observation and classification of flow pattern around human swimmers in swimming pools has been rarely applied. There is a need for a simple, powerful, affordable, robust, and portable illumination source which shall not harm the swimmer by exceeding the permitted maximum radiation for human skin and eyes. As a result, this technical note demonstrates an alternative light source system based on LEDs which enables PIV measurements around human swimmers similar to experiments with a (traditional) laser system. As an example, the flow fields of two different swimmers with a similar movement and phase are compared using both illumination methods laser and LED. Furthermore, a series of sequential velocity fields, produced by the motion of a monofin swimmer, generate a vortex pair with an inverse Karman vortex street which is typically seen in fish and marine mammal locomotion. Consequently, this LED illumination source is show to provide a sufficient suitable light intensity as well as light quality enabling the measurement of the flow field around swimmers.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: Flow measurement and instrumentation
Publisher: Elsevier Science
Publisher Place: Amsterdam [u.a.]
Volume: 88
Original Publication: 10.1016/j.flowmeasinst.2022.102251
Page Start: 1
Page End: 6
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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