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Title: Neurological soft signs and structural network changes : a longitudinal analysis in first-episode schizophrenia
Author(s): Kong, Li
Herold, ChristinaLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Bachmann, SilkeLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Schroeder, Johannes
Issue Date: 2023
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Background: Neurological soft signs (NSS) are often reported in patients with schizophrenia and may vary with psychopathological symptoms during the course of disease. Many cross-sectional neuroimaging studies have shown that NSS are associated with disturbed network connectivity in schizophrenia. However, it remains unclear how these associations change over time during the course of disorder. Methods: In present study, 20 patients with first-episode schizophrenia and 20 controls underwent baseline structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan and at one-year follow-up. Structural network characteristics of patients and controls were analyzed using graph theoretical approach based on MRI data. NSS were assessed using the Heidelberg scale. Results: At baseline, patients demonstrated significant changes of the local network properties mainly involving regions of the cortical-subcortical-cerebellar circuits compared to healthy controls. For further analysis, the whole patient group was dichotomized into a NSS-persisting and NSS-decreasing subgroup. After one-year follow-up, the NSS-persisting subgroup showed decreased betweenness in right inferior opercular frontal cortex, left superior medial frontal cortex, left superior temporal cortex, right putamen and cerebellum vermis and increased betweenness in right lingual cortex. However, the NSS-decreasing subgroup exhibited only localized changes in right middle temporal cortex, right insula and right fusiform with decreased betweenness, and in left lingual cortex with increased betweenness. Conclusions: These findings provide evidence for brain network reorganization subsequent to clinical disease manifestation in patients with first-episode schizophrenia, and support the hypothesis that persisting NSS refer to progressive brain network abnormalities in patients with schizophrenia. Therefore, NSS could help to establish a better prognosis in first-episode schizophrenia patients.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: BMC psychiatry
Publisher: BioMed Central
Publisher Place: London
Volume: 23
Original Publication: 10.1186/s12888-023-04522-4
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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