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Title: Fewer chromosomes, more co-occurring species within plant lineages : a likely effect of local survival and colonization
Author(s): Bartish, Igor V.
Bonnefoi, Salomé
Aïnouche, Abdelkader
Bruelheide, HelgeLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Bartish, Mark
Prinzing, Andreas
Issue Date: 2023
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Premise: Plant lineages differ markedly in species richness globally, regionally, and locally. Differences in whole-genome characteristics (WGCs) such as monoploid chromosome number, genome size, and ploidy level may explain differences in global species richness through speciation or global extinction. However, it is unknown whether WGCs drive species richness within lineages also in a recent, postglacial regional flora or in local plant communities through local extinction or colonization and regional species turnover. Methods: We tested for relationships between WGCs and richness of angiosperm families across the Netherlands/Germany/Czechia as a region, and within 193,449 local vegetation plots. Results: Families that are species-rich across the region have lower ploidy levels and small monoploid chromosomes numbers or both (interaction terms), but the relationships disappear after accounting for continental and local richness of families. Families that are species-rich within occupied localities have small numbers of polyploidy and monoploid chromosome numbers or both, independent of their own regional richness and the local richness of all other locally co-occurring species in the plots. Relationships between WGCs and family species-richness persisted after accounting for niche characteristics and life histories. Conclusions: Families that have few chromosomes, either monoploid or holoploid, succeed in maintaining many species in local communities and across a continent and, as indirect consequence of both, across a region. We suggest evolutionary mechanisms to explain how small chromosome numbers and ploidy levels might decrease rates of local extinction and increase rates of colonization. The genome of a macroevolutionary lineage may ultimately control whether its species can ecologically coexist.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives 4.0(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives 4.0
Journal Title: American journal of botany
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher Place: Hoboken, NJ
Volume: 110
Issue: 4
Original Publication: 10.1002/ajb2.16139
Page Start: 1
Page End: 17
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU