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Title: Flowering phenophases influence the antibacterial and anti-biofilm effects of Thymus vulgaris L. essential oil
Author(s): Bakó, Csongor
Balázs, Viktória Lilla
Kerekes, Erika
Kocsis, Béla
Nagy, Dávid U.
Szabó, Péter
Micalizzi, Giuseppe
Mondello, LuigiLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Krisch, Judit
Pethő, Dóra
Horváth, Györgyi
Issue Date: 2023
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Background: Essential oils are becoming increasingly popular in medicinal applications because of their antimicrobial effect. Thymus vulgaris L. (Lamiaceae) is a well-known and widely cultivated medicinal plant, which is used as a remedy for cold, cough and gastrointestinal symptoms. Essential oil content of thyme is responsible for its antimicrobial activity, however, it has been reported that the chemical composition of essential oils influences its biological activity. In order to explore flowering phenophases influence on the chemical composition of thyme essential oil and its antibacterial and anti-biofilm activity, plant materials were collected at the beginning of flowering, in full bloom and at the end of flowering periods in 2019. Methods: Essential oils from fresh and dried plant materials were distilled and analyzed with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and gas chromatography-flame ionization detection (GC-FID). The antibacterial activity was performed by broth microdilution and thin layer chromatography-direct bioautography (TLC-DB) assays and the anti-biofilm effect by crystal violet assay, respectively. Scanning electron microscopy was applied to illustrate the cellular changes of bacterial cells after essential oil treatment. Results: Thymol (52.33–62.46%) was the main component in the thyme essential oils. Thyme oil distilled from fresh plant material and collected at the beginning of flowering period exerted the highest antibacterial and anti-biofilm activity against Haemophilus influenzae, H. parainfluenzae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Conclusion: The different flowering periods of Thymus vulgaris influence the antibacterial and anti-biofilm activity of its essential oils, therefore, the collection time has to be taken into consideration and not only the full bloom, but the beginning of flowering period may provide biological active thyme essential oil.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: BMC complementary medicine and therapies
Publisher: BioMed Central Ltd
Publisher Place: London
Volume: 23
Original Publication: 10.1186/s12906-023-03966-1
Page Start: 1
Page End: 14
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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