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Title: Associations of migration, socioeconomic position and social relations with depressive symptoms : analyses of the German National Cohort Baseline Data
Author(s): Vonneilich, NicoLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Führer, Amand-GabrielLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Mikolajczyk, RafaelLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
[und viele weitere]
Issue Date: 2023
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Objectives: We analyze whether the prevalence of depressive symptoms differs among various migrant and non-migrant populations in Germany and to what extent these differences can be attributed to socioeconomic position (SEP) and social relations. Methods: The German National Cohort health study (NAKO) is a prospective multicenter cohort study (N = 204,878). Migration background (assessed based on citizenship and country of birth of both participant and parents) was used as independent variable, age, sex, Social Network Index, the availability of emotional support, SEP (relative income position and educational status) and employment status were introduced as covariates and depressive symptoms (PHQ-9) as dependent variable in logistic regression models. Results: Increased odds ratios of depressive symptoms were found in all migrant subgroups compared to non-migrants and varied regarding regions of origins. Elevated odds ratios decreased when SEP and social relations were included. Attenuations varied across migrant subgroups. Conclusion: The gap in depressive symptoms can partly be attributed to SEP and social relations, with variations between migrant subgroups. The integration paradox is likely to contribute to the explanation of the results. Future studies need to consider heterogeneity among migrant subgroups whenever possible.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: International journal of public health
Publisher: Frontiers Media S.A.
Publisher Place: [Lausanne]
Volume: 68
Original Publication: 10.3389/ijph.2023.1606097
Page Start: 1
Page End: 10
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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