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Title: Myostatin regulates the production of fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) in UMR106 osteoblast–like cells
Author(s): Ewendt, Franz
Feger, MartinaLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Föller, MichaelLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Issue Date: 2021
Extent: 1 Online-Ressource
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Myostatin is a signaling molecule produced by skeletal muscle cells (myokine) that inhibits muscle hypertrophy and has further paracrine and endocrine effects in other organs including bone. Myostatin binds to activin receptor type 2B which forms a complex with transforming growth factor-β type I receptor (TGF-βRI) and induces intracellular p38MAPK and NFκB signaling. Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a paracrine and endocrine mediator produced by bone cells and regulates phosphate and vitamin D metabolism in the kidney. P38MAPK and NFκB-dependent store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE) are positive regulators of FGF23 production. Here, we explored whether myostatin influences the synthesis of FGF23. Fgf23 gene expression was determined by qRT-PCR and FGF23 protein by ELISA in UMR106 osteoblast–like cells. UMR106 cells expressed activin receptor type 2A and B. Myostatin upregulated Fgf23 gene expression and protein production. The myostatin effect on Fgf23 was significantly attenuated by TGF-βRI inhibitor SB431542, p38MAPK inhibitor SB202190, and NFκB inhibitor withaferin A. Moreover, SOCE inhibitor 2-APB blunted the myostatin effect on Fgf23. Taken together, myostatin is a stimulator of Fgf23 expression in UMR106 cells, an effect at least partially mediated by downstream TGF-βRI/p38MAPK signaling as well as NFκB-dependent SOCE.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: Pflügers Archiv
Publisher: Springer
Publisher Place: Berlin
Volume: 473
Issue: 6
Original Publication: 10.1007/s00424-021-02561-y
Page Start: 969
Page End: 976
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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