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Title: The effect of home visits as an additional recruitment step on the composition of the final sample : a cross-sectional analysis in two study centers of the German National Cohort (NAKO)
Author(s): Krist, LilianLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Bedir, AhmetLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Fricke, JuliaLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Kluttig, AlexanderLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Mikolajczyk, RafaelLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Background: Participation in epidemiologic studies has been declining over the last decades. In addition to postal invitations and phone calls, home visits can be conducted to increase participation. The aim of this study was therefore to evaluate the effects of home visits in terms of response increase and composition of the additionally recruited and final sample. Methods: In the framework of the German National Cohort (NAKO) recruitment process, two of 18 study centers, Halle (Saale) and Berlin-Center, performed home visits as additional recruitment step after postal invitation and reminders. Response increase was calculated and differences between participants recruited via home visits and standard recruitment were examined. Proportions are presented as percentages with 95%-confidence intervals. Results: In the general population in Halle, 21.3-22.8% participated after postal invitation and two reminders in the five assessed recruitment waves. The increase of the overall response was 2.8 percentage points (95%confidence interval: 1.9-4.0) for home visits compared to 2.4 percentage points (95%CI: 1.7-3.3) for alternatively sent third postal reminder. Participants recruited via home visits had similar characteristics to those recruited via standard recruitment. Among persons of Turkish descent in Berlin-Center site of the NAKO, home visits conducted by native speakers increased the participation of women, persons living together with their partner, were born in Turkey, had lower German language skills, lower-income, lower education, were more often smokers and reported more often diabetes and depression to a degree which changed overall estimates for this subsample. Conclusions: As an additional recruitment measure in the general population, home visits increased response only marginally, and the through home visits recruited participants did not differ from those already recruited. Among persons with migration background, home visits by a native speaker increased participation of persons not reached by the standard recruitment, but the effects of using a native speaker approach could not be separated from the effect of home visits.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: BMC medical research methodology
Publisher: BioMed Central
Publisher Place: London
Volume: 21
Original Publication: 10.1186/s12874-021-01357-z
Page Start: 1
Page End: 13
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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