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Title: Cultural differences in how people deal with ridicule and laughter : differential item functioning between the Taiwanese Chinese and Canadian English versions of the PhoPhiKat-45
Author(s): Lau, Chloe
Swindall, Taylor
Chiesi, Francesca
Quilty, Lena C.
Chen, Hsueh-Chih
Chan, Yu-Chen
Ruch, WillibaldLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Proyer, René T.Look up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Bruno, Francesco
Saklofske, Donald H.Look up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Torres-Marín, Jorge
Issue Date: 2023
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: The PhoPhiKat-45 measures three dispositions toward ridicule and laughter, including gelotophobia (i.e., the fear of being laughed at), gelotophilia (i.e., the joy of being laughed at), and katagelasticism (i.e., the joy of laughing at others). Despite numerous cultural adaptations, there is a paucity of cross-cultural studies investigating measurement invariance of this measure. Undergraduate students from a Canadian university (N = 1467; 71.4% females) and 14 universities in Taiwan (N = 1274; 64.6% females) completed the English and Chinese PhoPhiKat-45 measures, respectively. Item response theory and differential item functioning analyses demonstrated that most items were well-distributed across the latent continuum. Five of 45 items were flagged for DIF, but all values had negligible effect sizes (McFadden’s pseudo R2 < 0.13). The Canadian sample was further subdivided into subsamples who identified as European White born in Canada (n = 567) and Chinese born in China, Hong Kong, or Taiwan (n = 180). In the subgroup analyses, no evidence of DIF was found. Findings support the utility of this measure across these languages and samples.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: European journal of investigation in health, psychology and education
Publisher: MDPI AG
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 13
Issue: 2
Original Publication: 10.3390/ejihpe13020019
Page Start: 238
Page End: 258
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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