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Title: Degumming and characterization of Bombyx mori and non-mulberry silks from Saturniidae silkworms
Author(s): Schmidt, Theresa
Puchalla, Nils
Schendzielorz, Marcel
Kramell, Annemarie E.
Issue Date: 2023
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: In this study, cocoons and degummed silk samples of Bombyx mori and twenty Saturniidae species of the genera Actias, Attacus, Argema, Antheraea, Caligula, Callosamia, Cricula, Epiphora, Hyalophora, Loepa, Samia and Saturnia are studied to gain an insight into their morphology, chemical composition and physical structure. For this purpose, silk samples are characterized by optical microscopy and FTIR spectroscopy in attenuated total reflection mode (ATR-FTIR spectroscopy). Furthermore, degummed silk samples are analyzed for their amino acid (AA) composition by GC-FID. In the course of method development, various degumming methods are tested using alkalis, citric acid, enzymes and detergents. A mixture of 0.1% sodium carbonate and 2.5% ethylenediamine proves to be an effective agent for degumming Saturniidae and B. mori cocoons. After hydrolysis of the fibroin filaments with 6 N hydrochloric acid and derivatization with propyl chloroformate, fifteen AAs are identified and qualified. This method shows a satisfactory overall analytical performance with an average recovery rate of 95% at the medium concentration level. The chemical composition of the different silks was considered comparatively. Within a genus, the analyses usually show a high degree of similarity in AA composition and the resulting structural indices, whereas differences are found between genera.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: Scientific reports
Publisher: Macmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature
Publisher Place: [London]
Volume: 13
Original Publication: 10.1038/s41598-023-46474-5
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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