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Title: Heart rate variability as a predictor of successful catheter-guided pulmonary vein isolation for atrial fibrillation
Author(s): Drexler, M.
Blum, T.
Heinroth, K. M.
Hartkopf, T.
Plehn, AlexanderLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Schirdewahn, PetraLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Sedding, D. G.
Issue Date: 2024
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Background: This retrospective observational study investigated the relationship between heart rate variability (HRV) and atrial fibrillation (AF) recurrence after pulmonary vein isolation (PVI) by cryoballoon or radiofrequency ablation (RF). Methods: We enrolled 497 patients who underwent PVI using first-generation cryoballoon (CB1), second-generation cryoballoon (CB2), or RF. We analyzed HRV as a surrogate for modulation of the intrinsic autonomic nervous system using 24‑h Holter recordings 1 or 2 days after the procedure and compared the recurrence and non-recurrence group with regard to ablation methods. Furthermore, we calculated recurrence-free survival (RFS) below/over HRV cut-off values for the whole study population and separately for each ablation method. Results: All except one of the five time-based HRV parameters analyzed were significantly lower in the non-recurrence group than in the recurrence group after CB2. Only a trend toward lower HRV for the non-recurrence group was found after RF and no remarkable differences were detected after CB1. The HRV parameters below their calculated cut-off were associated with a significantly higher RFS rate 2 years after CB2. This also applied to root mean sum of squared distance (rMSSD) and the percentage of adjacent NN interval differences greater than 50 ms (pNN50) after RF. No differences were found regarding CB1. Concerning rMSSD, the sensitivity, specificity, and difference in RFS increased when using cut-offs that were calculated including only CB2 patients. Multivariate cox regression analysis showed that low rMSSD values could independently predict AF recurrence after adjusting for covariates (hazard ratio: 0.50; p < 0.001). Conclusion: Low values of rMSSD early after a PVI could independently predict AF recurrence, especially after CB2.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: Herz
Publisher: Urban & Vogel
Publisher Place: München
Volume: 49
Issue: 2
Original Publication: 10.1007/s00059-023-05201-6
Page Start: 147
Page End: 154
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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