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Title: Ramucirumab, Avelumab, and Paclitaxel as second-line treatment in esophagogastric adenocarcinoma : the phase 2 RAP (AIO-STO-0218) nonrandomized controlled trial
Author(s): Thuss-Patience, PeterLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Schultheiß, ChristophLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Paschold, Lisa
Binder, MaschaLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
[und viele weitere]
Issue Date: 2024
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Importance: Adding immune checkpoint inhibitors to chemotherapy has been associated with improved outcomes in metastatic esophagogastric adenocarcinoma, but treatment combinations and optimal patient selection need to be established. Objective: To investigate the efficacy and tolerability of the programmed cell death ligand 1 (PDL-1) inhibitor avelumab with paclitaxel plus ramucirumab. Design, Setting, and Participants: This multicenter, single-group, phase 2 nonrandomized controlled trial was conducted among patients with second-line metastatic esophagogastric adenocarcinoma. Patients pretreated with platinum plus fluoropyrimidine between April 2019 and November 2020 across 10 German centers (median follow-up, 27.4 months [95% CI 22.0-32.9 months]) were included. Data analysis was performed from January to December 2022. Interventions: Patients received ramucirumab at 8 mg/kg on days 1 and 15, avelumab at 10 mg/kg on days 1 and 15, and paclitaxel at 80 mg/m2 on days 1, 8, and 15 every 4 weeks. Main Outcomes and Measures: The prespecified primary end point was overall survival (OS) rate at 6 months, with the experimental therapy considered insufficiently active with an OS rate of 50% or less and a promising candidate with an OS rate of 65% or greater. Results: Of 60 enrolled patients, 59 patients (median [range] age, 64 [18-81] years; 47 males [70.7%]) were evaluable, including 30 patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the stomach and 29 patients with gastroesophageal junction. All patients were pretreated with platinum plus fluoropyrimidine, and 40 patients (67.8%) had received prior taxanes; 24 of 56 evaluable patients (42.9%) had a PDL-1 combined positive score (CPS) of 5 or greater, centrally assessed. The OS rate at 6 months was 71.2% (95% CI, 61.5%-83.7%). The median OS in the intention-to-treat population (59 patients) was 10.6 months (95% CI, 8.4-12.8 months) overall. Among patients assessable by central pathology, median OS was 9.4 months (95% CI, 7.2-11.7 months) in 32 patients with a PDL-1 CPS less than 5 and 14.0 months (95% CI, 6.0-22.1 months) in 24 patients with a PDL-1 CPS of 5 or greater (P = .25). Treatment was generally well tolerated, without unexpected toxicities. Patients with higher vs lower than median T cell repertoire richness showed an increased median OS of 20.4 months (95% CI, 7.7-33.0 months) compared with 8.3 months (95% CI, 3.7-12.9 months; hazard ratio, 0.43; 95% CI, 0.23-0.81; P = .008). Patients with lower vs higher than median cell-free DNA burden had a median OS of 19.2 months (95% CI, 8.9-29.6 months) compared with 7.3 months (95% CI, 3.2-11.4 months; hazard ratio, 0.30; 95% CI, 0.16-0.59; P < .001). Conclusions and relevance: In this study, the combination of avelumab with paclitaxel plus ramucirumab showed favorable efficacy and tolerability in the second-line treatment for metastatic esophagogastric adenocarcinoma. A PDL-1 CPS score of 5 or greater, cell-free DNA level less than the median, and T cell repertoire richness greater than the median were associated with increased median OS.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Journal Title: JAMA network open
Publisher: American Medical Association
Publisher Place: Chicago, Ill.
Volume: 7
Issue: 1
Original Publication: 10.1001/jamanetworkopen.2023.52830
Page Start: 1
Page End: 13
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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