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Title: Effects of acute normobaric hypoxia on non-linear dynamics of cardiac autonomic activity during constant workload cycling exercise
Author(s): Gronwald, ThomasLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Hoos, OlafLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Hottenrott, KunoLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Issue Date: 2019
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Aim: Measurements of Non-linear dynamics of heart rate variability (HRV) provide new possibilities to monitor cardiac autonomic activity during exercise under different environmental conditions. Using detrended fluctuation analysis (DFA) technique to assess correlation properties of heart rate (HR) dynamics, the present study examines the influence of normobaric hypoxic conditions (HC) in comparison to normoxic conditions (NC) during a constant workload exercise. Materials and Methods: Nine well trained cyclists performed a continuous workload exercise on a cycle ergometer with an intensity corresponding to the individual anaerobic threshold until voluntary exhaustion under both NC and HC (15% O2). The individual exercise duration was normalized to 10% sections (10–100%). During exercise HR and RR-intervals were continuously-recorded. Besides HRV time-domain measurements (meanRR, SDNN), fractal correlation properties using short-term scaling exponent alpha1 of DFA were calculated. Additionally, blood lactate (La), oxygen saturation of the blood (SpO2), and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were recorded in regular time intervals. Results: We observed significant changes under NC and HC for all parameters from the beginning to the end of the exercise (10% vs. 100%) except for SpO2 and SDNN during NC: increases for HR, La, and RPE in both conditions; decreases for SpO2 and SDNN during HC, meanRR and DFA-alpha1 during both conditions. Under HC HR (40–70%), La (10–90%), and RPE (50–90%) were significantly-higher, SpO2 (10–100%), meanRR (40–70%), and DFA-alpha1 (20–60%) were significantly-lower than under NC. Conclusion: Under both conditions, prolonged exercise until voluntary exhaustion provokes a lower total variability combined with a reduction in the amplitude and correlation properties of RR fluctuations which may be attributed to increased organismic demands. Additionally, HC provoked higher demands and loss of correlation properties at an earlier stage during the exercise regime, implying an accelerated alteration of cardiac autonomic regulation.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfond MLU
Journal Title: Frontiers in physiology
Publisher: Frontiers Research Foundation
Publisher Place: Lausanne
Volume: 10
Original Publication: 10.3389/fphys.2019.00999
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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