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Title: Cyclopropanation of poly(isoprene) using NHC‐Cu(I) catalysts : introducing carboxylates
Author(s): Shinde, Kshitij Sanjay
Michael, Philipp
Rössle, Michael
Thiele, Sven
Binder, Wolfgang H.Look up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Issue Date: 2020
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: The incorporation of functional groups into unsaturated polyolefine-polymers often represent a challenging task. Based on the known cyclopropanation of double bonds with diazoesters in the presence of metal-catalysts of low molecular weight compounds, we in this article develop an approach to decorate the polymer backbone of poly(diene)s with ester as well as carboxylic groups via cyclopropanation. Therefore, predominantly cis-1,4-poly(isoprene)s are converted with ethyl or tert-butyl diazoacetate using copper(I) N-heterocyclic carbene (NHC) catalysts, while focusing on the technically relevant cyclohexane as solvent. The application of commercially available NHC-Cu(I) catalysts results in modification degrees of 4–5%, while an increased solvent polarity, like dichloromethane, results in up to 17% modification. The resulting esters were further converted to the corresponding free carboxylic groups by deprotection using trifluoroacetic acid. Thus, an introduction of functional groups along the polymer backbone with a wide variety of application, like ionic interaction or hydrogen bonding motifs, was successfully demonstrated. Its potential for upscaling makes this approach feasible for an application in large-scale production processes, such as for manufacturing of modified synthetic rubbers.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfond MLU
Journal Title: Journal of polymer science
Publisher: Wiley
Publisher Place: Hoboken, NJ
Volume: 58
Issue: 20
Original Publication: 10.1002/pol.20200404
Page Start: 2864
Page End: 2874
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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