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|Title:||Next-generation immunosequencing reveals pathological T cell architecture in autoimmune hepatitis|
Wildner, Nils H.
Schulze zur Wiesch, Julian Constantin Raimar
Lohse, Ansgar W.
|Abstract:||Background and Aims: Autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) is a chronic liver disease that regularly relapses when immunosuppression is tapered. It is thought to be driven by T-cells, whereas the etiologic impact of an apparently deregulated B lineage system, as evidenced by hypergammaglobulinemia and autoantibodies, remains elusive. We set out to investigate T and B cell repertoires supporting chronic inflammation in AIH. Approach and Results: T and B cell receptor (TCR/BCR) and human leukocyte antigen (HLA) next-generation immunosequencing were used to record immune signatures from a cohort of 60 patients with AIH and disease controls. Blood and liver B lineage immune metrics were not indicative of a dominant directional antigen selection apart from a slight skewing of IGHV-J genes. More importantly, we found strong AIH-specific TRBV-J skewing not attributable to the HLA-DRB1 specificities of the cohort. This TCR repertoire bias was generated as a result of peripheral T cell (de)selection and persisted in disease remission. Using a clustering algorithm according to antigenic specificity, we identified liver TCR clusters that were shared between patients with AIH but were absent or deselected in patients with other liver pathologies. Conclusions: Patients with AIH show profound and persisting T-cell architectural changes that may explain high relapse rates after tapering immunosuppression. Liver T-cell clusters shared between patients may mediate liver damage and warrant further study.|
|Open Access:||Open access publication|
|License:||(CC BY-NC 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial 4.0|
|Publisher Place:||New York [u.a.]|
|Appears in Collections:||Open Access Publikationen der MLU|