Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Full metadata record
DC FieldValueLanguage
dc.contributor.authorWolf, Ursula-
dc.contributor.authorEckert, Sandra-
dc.contributor.authorWalter, Grit-
dc.contributor.authorWienke, Andreas-
dc.contributor.authorBartel, Sylva-
dc.contributor.authorPlontke, Stefan K.-
dc.contributor.authorNaumann, Christina-
dc.description.abstractRisk factors for oropharyngeal dysphagia (OD) in elderly patients are mainly central nervous system (CNS) and structural organic diseases or presbyphagia. We analysed the OD prevalence and association of OD with multimorbidity and polypharmacy using real-life data to complete this spectrum, with a focus on further and iatrogenic risk. This was a cross-sectional retrospective study based on a random sample of 200 patients admitted to a geriatric hospital. Data analysis included diagnoses, the detailed list of drugs, and an intense clinical investigation of swallowing according to Stanschus to screen for OD in each patient. The mean patient age was 84 ± 6.5 years. The prevalence of OD was 29.0%, without an effect of age, but a higher rate was found in men and in nursing home residents and an elevated risk of pneumonia. OD risk was slight in diabetes mellitus and COPD, and pronounced in CNS diseases. A relevant OD association was found, even after adjusting for CNS diseases, with antipsychotics, benzodiazepines, anti-Parkinson drugs, antidepressants, and antiepileptics. Further risk of OD was found with beta-blockers, alpha-blockers, opioids, antiemetics, antivertiginosa or antihistamines, metoclopramide, domperidone, anticholinergics, loop diuretics, urologics, and ophthalmics. From real-life data in patients with and without CNS diseases, we identified drug groups associated with a risk of aggravating/inducing OD. Restrictive indications for these drugs may be a preventative contribution, requiring implementation in dysphagia guidelines and an integrative dysphagia risk scale that considers all associated and cumulative medication risks in addition to diseases.eng
dc.description.sponsorshipPublikationsfonds MLU-
dc.titlePrevalence of oropharyngeal dysphagia in geriatric patients and real-life associations with diseases and drugseng
local.bibliographicCitation.journaltitleScientific reports-
local.bibliographicCitation.publishernameMacmillan Publishers Limited, part of Springer Nature-
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
s41598-021-99858-w.pdf1.1 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail