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Title: Human histamine H2 receptors can initiate cardiac arrhythmias in a transgenic mouse
Author(s): Gergs, U.
Weisgut, J.
Griethe, K.
Mißlinger, N.
Kirchhefer, U.
Neumann, Joachim
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Histamine is known to lead to arrhythmias in the human heart. A mouse model to mimic these effects has hitherto not been available but might be useful to study the mechanism(s) of H2-histamine receptor-induced arrhythmias and may support the search for new antiarrhythmic drugs. In order to establish such a model in mice, we studied here the incidence of cardiac arrhythmias under basal and under stimulated conditions in atrial and ventricular preparations from mice that overexpressed the human H2-histamine receptors in a cardiac-specific way (H2-TG) in comparison with their wild-type (WT) littermate controls. We had shown before that histamine exerted concentration and time-dependent positive inotropic and positive chronotropic effects only in cardiac preparations from H2-TG and not from WT. We noted under basal conditions (no drug addition) that right atrial preparations from H2-TG exhibited more spontaneous arrhythmias than right atrial preparations from WT. These arrhythmias in H2-TG could be blocked by the H2-histamine receptor antagonist cimetidine. In a similar fashion, histamine and dimaprit (an agonist at H2 and not H1-histamine receptors) more often induced arrhythmias in right atrial preparations from H2-TG than from WT. To understand better the signal transduction mechanism(s) involved in these arrhythmias, we studied partially depolarized left atrial preparations. In these preparations, a positive inotropic effect of histamine was still present in the additional presence of 44 mM potassium ions (used to block sodium channels) in H2-TG but not WT and this positive inotropic effect could be blocked by cimetidine and this is consistent with the involvement of calcium ion channels in the contractile and thus might mediate also the arrhythmogenic effects of histamine in H2-TG. However, compounds reported to release histamine from cells and thereby leading to arrhythmias in humans, namely morphine, ketamine, and fentanyl, failed to induce a more pronounced positive inotropic effect in atrial preparations from H2-TG compared to WT, arguing against an involvement of histamine release in their proarrhythmic side effects in patients. Measuring left ventricular contractility in isolated retrogradely perfused hearts (Langendorff mode), we detected under basal conditions (no drug application) more spontaneous arrhythmias in hearts from H2-TG than from WT. In summary, we noted that overexpression of human H2-histamine receptors in a novel transgenic animal model can lead to arrhythmias. We suggest that this model might be useful to understand the mechanism(s) of histamine-induced cardiac arrhythmias in humans better in a molecular way and may be of value to screen novel antiarrhythmic drugs.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfonds MLU
Journal Title: Naunyn-Schmiedeberg's Archives of Pharmacology
Publisher: Springer
Publisher Place: Berlin
Volume: 394
Original Publication: 10.1007/s00210-021-02098-y
Page Start: 1963
Page End: 1973
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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