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Title: HrpB4 from Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria acts similarly to SctK proteins and promotes the docking of the predicted sorting platform to the type III secretion system
Author(s): Otten, Christian
Büttner, Daniela
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: The Gram-negative bacterium Xanthomonas campestris pv. vesicatoria is the causal agent of bacterial spot disease on pepper and tomato plants. Pathogenicity of X. campestris pv. vesicatoria depends on a type III secretion (T3S) system which translocates bacterial effector proteins into plant cells. At least nine membrane-associated and cytoplasmic components of the secretion apparatus are homologous to corresponding Sct (secretion and cellular translocation) proteins from animal pathogens, suggesting a similar structural organisation of T3S systems in different bacterial species. T3S in X. campestris pv. vesicatoria also depends on non-conserved proteins with yet unknown function including the essential pathogenicity factor HrpB4. Here, we show that HrpB4 localises to the cytoplasm and the bacterial membranes and interacts with the cytoplasmic domain of the inner membrane (IM) ring component HrcD and the cytoplasmic HrcQ protein. The analysis of HrpB4 deletion derivatives revealed that deletion of the N- or C-terminal protein region affects the interaction of HrpB4 with HrcQ and HrcD as well as its contribution to pathogenicity. HrcQ is a component of the predicted sorting platform, which was identified in animal pathogens as a dynamic heterooligomeric protein complex and associates with the IM ring via SctK proteins. HrcQ complex formation was previously shown by fluorescent microscopy analysis and depends on the presence of the T3S system. In the present study, we provide experimental evidence that the absence of HrpB4 severely affects the docking of HrcQ complexes to the T3S system but does not significantly interfere with HrcQ complex formation in the bacterial cytoplasm. Taken together, our data suggest that HrpB4 links the predicted cytoplasmic sorting platform to the IM rings of the T3S system.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives 4.0(CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution NonCommercial NoDerivatives 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfonds MLU
Journal Title: Cellular Microbiology
Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell
Publisher Place: Oxford [u.a.]
Volume: 23
Issue: 6
Original Publication: 10.1111/cmi.13327
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU