Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Effects of home confinement on the intensity of physical activity during the COVID-19 outbreak in team handball according to country, gender, competition level, and playing position : a worldwide study
Author(s): Hermassi, Souhail
Bouhafs, El GhaliLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Bragazzi, Nicola Luigi
Ichimura, Shiro
Alsharji, Khaled E.
Hayes, Lawrence D.
Schwesig, RenéLook up in the Integrated Authority File of the German National Library
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: This study investigated effects of home confinement on physical activity (PA) in Team Handball during the COVID-19 outbreak. A total of 1359 handball players participated (age: 23 ± 6 years). Participants from Europe, Western Asia, and North Africa answered an online version of the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) considering “before” and “during” confinement. COVID-19 home confinement has had a negative effect on PA (vigorous, moderate, walking, and overall). The largest decrease was in the sum parameter “all PA” (MET (metabolic equivalent of task)-min/week, ηp2 = 0.903; min/week, ηp2 = 0.861). Daily sitting time increased from 2.7 to 5.0 h per weekday (p < 0.001, ηp2 = 0.669). For gender, continent, country, level of handball league, and playing position, no significant differences (group and interaction effects) were observed. The largest change in PA behavior was in walking (minutes per day: ηp2 = 0.755), with males displaying the greatest decrease (from 62 ± 11 to 30 ± 14 min per weekday; d = 2.67). In terms of magnitude, difference between genders was greatest for sitting time (difference in d = 1.20). In conclusion, while COVID-19 measures were essential to preserve public health, PA was compromised and sedentary behavior increased because of these public health measures regardless of gender, playing position, and competition level.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfonds MLU
Journal Title: International journal of environmental research and public health
Publisher: MDPI AG
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 18
Issue: 8
Original Publication: 10.3390/ijerph18084050
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
ijerph-18-04050-v2.pdf3.52 MBAdobe PDFThumbnail