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Title: Footprints of selection derived from temporal heterozygosity patterns in a barley nested association mapping population
Author(s): Maurer, Andreas
Pillen, Klaus
Issue Date: 2021
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Nowadays, genetic diversity more than ever represents a key driver of adaptation to climate challenges like drought, heat, and salinity. Therefore, there is a need to replenish the limited elite gene pools with favorable exotic alleles from the wild progenitors of our crops. Nested association mapping (NAM) populations represent one step toward exotic allele evaluation and enrichment of the elite gene pool. We investigated an adaptive selection strategy in the wild barley NAM population HEB-25 based on temporal genomic data by studying the fate of 214,979 SNP loci initially heterozygous in individual BC1S3 lines after five cycles of selfing and field propagation. We identified several loci exposed to adaptive selection in HEB-25. In total, 48.7% (104,725 SNPs) of initially heterozygous SNP calls in HEB-25 were fixed in BC1S3:8 generation, either toward the wild allele (19.9%) or the cultivated allele (28.8%). Most fixed SNP loci turned out to represent gene loci involved in domestication and flowering time as well as plant height, for example, btr1/btr2, thresh-1, Ppd-H1, and sdw1. Interestingly, also unknown loci were found where the exotic allele was fixed, hinting at potentially useful exotic alleles for plant breeding.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfonds MLU
Journal Title: Frontiers in plant science
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Publisher Place: Lausanne
Volume: 12
Original Publication: 10.3389/fpls.2021.764537
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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