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Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://dx.doi.org/10.25673/1880
Title: The ecological and evolutionary significance of inbreeding x environment interactions for the success of biological invasions - [kumulative Dissertation]
Author(s): Schrieber, Karin
Advisor(s): Hensen, Isabell
Schurr, Frank
Kleunen, Mark, van
Granting Institution: Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg
Issue Date: 2016
Extent: 1 Online-Ressource (62 Seiten)
Type: Hochschulschrift
Exam Date: 16.08.2016
Language: English
Publisher: Universitäts- und Landesbibliothek Sachsen-Anhalt
URN: urn:nbn:de:gbv:3:4-18814
Abstract: Kolonisationsereignisse verursachen häufig demographische Flaschenhälse, die zu einem Verlust genetischer Diversität führen können. Genetische Verarmung erhöht das Risiko für die Verpaarung nahe verwandter Individuen (Inzucht) und kann so in einen erheblichen Verlust der Fitness resultieren. Dementsprechend entstand die Frage, wie sich invadierende Arten trotz sukzessiver demographischer Flaschenhälse erfolgreich in einem neuen Habitat etablieren und ausbreiten können – das sogenannte “Genetische Paradox biologischer Invasionen (GPI)“. In meiner Dissertation habe ich mit einem Literaturreview / einer Literatursynthese eine neue Hypothese zur Erklärung des GPI entwickelt. Im Anschluss habe ich diese Hypothese empirisch mit einer interkontinentalen Feldstudie, populationsgenetischen Analysen, einem Inzuchtexperiment und einem Stressmanipulationsexperiment untersucht.
Colonization involves demographic bottlenecks that can reduce genetic diversity. Such genetic depletion may result in reduced fitness due to increased levels of inbreeding. This has raised the question of how invasive species can successfully expand outside their native range despite demographic bottlenecks - the Genetic Paradox of Invasions (GPI). Most discussion on the GPI focused on invasions, in which genetic depletion was prevented by specific mechanisms such as genetic admixture. Fewer attempts were made to identify invaders that spread successfully despite genetic depletion and to explain how these species could overcome the negative effects of inbreeding. In my thesis, I addressed these open aspects of the GPI with a literature review and synthesis, in which I developed a new approach to explain the GPI. Subsequently, I investigated this new approach empirically with an intercontinental field study, population genetic analyses, a breeding- and a stress manipulation experiment.
URI: https://opendata.uni-halle.de//handle/1981185920/8651
http://dx.doi.org/10.25673/1880
Open access: Open access publication
Appears in Collections:Ökologie

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