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Title: Dihydropyridines potentiate ATP-induced currents mediated by the full-length human P2X5 receptor
Author(s): Schiller, Ida C.
Jacobson, Kenneth A.
Wen, Zhiwei
Malisetty, Aparna
Schmalzing, Günther
Markwardt, Fritz
Issue Date: 2022
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: The P2X5 receptor, an ATP-gated cation channel, is believed to be involved in tumor development, inflammatory bone loss and inflammasome activation after bacterial infection. Therefore, it is a worthwhile pharmacological target to treat the corresponding diseases, especially in minority populations that have a gene variant coding for functional homotrimeric P2X5 channels. Here, we investigated the effects of dihydropyridines on the human full-length P2X5 receptor (hP2X5FL) heterologously expressed in Xenopus oocytes using the two-microelectrode voltage clamp method. Agonist dependency, kinetics and permeation behavior, including Cl− permeability, were similar to hP2X5FL expressed in HEK293 or 1321N1 cells. Additionally, 1,4-dihydropyridines have been shown to interact with various other purinergic receptors, and we have examined them as potential hP2X5 modulators. Of seven commercially available and four newly synthesized dihydropyridines tested at hP2X5FL, only amlodipine exerted an inhibitory effect, but only at a high concentration of 300 µM. Isradipine and—even more—nimodipine stimulated ATP-induced currents in the low micromolar range. We conclude that common dihydropyridines or four new derivatives of amlodipine are not suitable as hP2X5 antagonists, but amlodipine might serve as a lead for future synthesis to increase its affinity. Furthermore, a side effect of nimodipine therapy could be a stimulatory effect on inflammatory processes.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfonds MLU
Journal Title: Molecules
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 27
Issue: 6
Original Publication: 10.3390/molecules27061846
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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