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Title: AMPK activation is indispensable for the protective effects of caloric restriction on left ventricular function in postinfarct myocardium
Author(s): Niemann, Bernd
Pan, Ruping
Issa, Hassan
Simm, Andreas
Schulz, Rainer
Rohrbach, Susanne
Issue Date: 2022
Type: Article
Language: English
Abstract: Background: Caloric restriction (CR) extends lifespan in many species, including mammals. CR is cardioprotective in senescent myocardium by correcting pre-existing mitochondrial dysfunction and apoptotic activation. Furthermore, it confers cardioprotection against acute ischemia-reperfusion injury. Here, we investigated the role of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in mediating the cardioprotective CR effects in failing, postinfarct myocardium. Methods: Ligation of the left coronary artery or sham operation was performed in rats and mice. Four weeks after surgery, left ventricular (LV) function was analyzed by echocardiography, and animals were assigned to different feeding groups (control diet or 40% CR, 8 weeks) as matched pairs. The role of AMPK was investigated with an AMPK inhibitor in rats or the use of alpha 2 AMPK knock-out mice. Results: CR resulted in a significant improvement in LV function, compared to postinfarct animals receiving control diet in both species. The improvement in LV function was accompanied by a reduction in serum BNP, decrease in LV proapoptotic activation, and increase in mitochondrial biogenesis in the LV. Inhibition or loss of AMPK prevented most of these changes. Conclusions: The failing, postischemic heart is protected from progressive loss of LV systolic function by CR. AMPK activation is indispensable for these protective effects.
Open Access: Open access publication
License: (CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0(CC BY 4.0) Creative Commons Attribution 4.0
Sponsor/Funder: Publikationsfonds MLU
Journal Title: Biology
Publisher: MDPI
Publisher Place: Basel
Volume: 11
Issue: 3
Original Publication: 10.3390/biology11030448
Appears in Collections:Open Access Publikationen der MLU

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